Motor vehicle law covers all the aspects of registering and titling motor vehicles, and licensing drivers. It also covers highway, driver and vehicle safety laws. The associated laws and regulations are governed by both Central and individual State laws. The Ministry of Transport, Govt. of India sets and enforces safety performance standards for motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment, such as regulating fuel economy standards. National High Authority of India (NHAI) also conducts local highway safety programs.
Although motor vehicle laws vary from state to state, there are some basic doctrines that are enforced nationwide: most motor vehicles may not be driven legally if they have never been registered with the state of residence’s department of motor vehicles, or if the registration has expired; and in order to operate a motor vehicle, there must be some form of licensing of the driver.
The practice of Motor Vehicle Law includes addressing traffic violations while operating a motor vehicle, such as speeding, careless driving, or driving under a suspended license or without insurance or pollution control certificate. These violations are criminal offenses and are categorized as either Petty Offenses, Misdemeanors, or Felonies.