A crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority. A crime or offence is an act harmful not only to some individual but also to a community, society or the state (“a public wrong”). Such acts are forbidden and punishable by law. Crime Law basically covers the offences against the state such as Sedition, Spying, Militancy, Terrorism, Riots, Drug and Human Organ Trafficking, White Collar Crime, Money Laundering etc.
The state has the power to severely restrict one’s liberty for committing a crime. In modern societies, there are procedures to which investigations and trials must adhere. If found guilty, an offender may be sentenced to a form of reparation such as a community sentence, or, depending on the nature of their offence, to undergo imprisonment, life imprisonment or, in some jurisdictions, execution.
Usually, to be classified as a crime, the “act of doing something criminal” (actus reus) must with certain exceptions be accompanied by the “intention to do something criminal” (mens rea).
While every crime violates the law, not every violation of the law counts as a crime.